7:280 - Students With Chronic Communicable Diseases

Policy 7:280

Students

Students With Chronic Communicable Diseases

Any student who has a chronic communicable disease or is a carrier of a communicable disease shall be provided a free and appropriate education in the least restrictive placement.

A student who has a chronic communicable disease or is a carrier of a communicable disease may attend school in the regular classroom setting whenever, through reasonable accommodation, the risk of transmission of the disease and/or the risk of further injury to the student is sufficiently remote in such setting so as to be outweighed by the detrimental effects of the student’s placement in a more restrictive setting. If a student is required to be placed in a non-school setting, an appropriate educational program shall be developed and provided to the student. The determination of whether such student may attend school in the regular classroom setting shall be based on the guidelines published by the State Board of Education and the Illinois Department of Health upon the following factors:

  1. the risk of transmission of the disease to others;
  2. the health risk to the particular student;
  3. reasonable accommodations which can be made without undue hardship to reduce the health risk to the student and others; and
  4. the educational benefits of a less restrictive placement versus the educational detriments of a more restrictive placement.

The Superintendent shall promptly notify the Board of Education when the enrollment in school is verified of a student who has a chronic communicable disease or is a carrier of communicable disease. The identity of the infected child shall only be disclosed to the Board to the extent permitted by law. The Superintendent shall also regularly report to the Board on the infected child’s medical evaluation and reevaluations, if necessary, and the student’s placement in the least restrictive environment.

The Superintendent is authorized to establish rules and regulations that are designed to implement this policy and that are consistent with the Rules and Regulations to Govern the Administration and Operation of Special Education of the State of Illinois and the guidelines published by the State Board of Education and the Illinois Department of Public Health.

  1. Placement

    Students with chronic communicable diseases may attend school in the regular classroom setting whenever, through reasonable accommodation, the risk of transmission of the disease and/or risk of further injury to the student is sufficiently remote in such setting so as to be outweighed by the detrimental effects of the student’s placement in a more restrictive setting. If a student is required to be placed in a non-school setting, an appropriate educational program shall be developed and provided to the student. The determination of whether a student with a chronic communicable disease may attend school in the regular classroom setting shall be made in accordance with Section 2 of this policy and the Rules and Regulations to Govern the Administration and Operation of Special Education.

  2. Placement Procedures
    1. Temporary Exclusion

      Upon being informed that a student has, or is reasonably suspected of having, a chronic communicable disease, an employee shall inform the Superintendent or designee responsible for convening the multidisciplinary team. Pending determination of placement, a student reasonably suspected of having a chronic communicable disease, may be temporarily excluded from school if a medical situation exists warranting temporary exclusion. Pursuant to Section 226.535 of the Special Education Regulations, the School District may require the student to submit to a physical examination, conducted by a physician selected by the District and provided at School District expense. If a student refuses to submit to such an examination, that student may be excluded pending a medical examination showing that the child poses no risk. During the period of temporary exclusion, the student shall be provided with an appropriate educational program.

    2. Initial Case Study Examination

      Each student with chronic communicable disease, or a student reasonably suspected of having a chronic communicable disease, shall submit to a medical examination as part of a case study evaluation. The student shall then be evaluated by a multidisciplinary team, convened by the Superintendent, that may consist of appropriate District personnel and a physician or other consultants selected by the Superintendent or designee, the student’s physician(s), public health personnel, the District’s legal counsel, the student’s parent(s)/guardian(s) and the student where applicable. Every effort shall be made to complete the evaluation in a prompt and timely manner.

    3. Upon completion of a case study evaluation, one or more conferences shall be convened for the purpose of formulating program and service options. Recommendations concerning the student’s placement shall be determined in accordance with the standard set forth in Section 1 of this policy and shall be based upon the following factors:
      1. the risk of transmission of the disease to others;
      2. the health risk to the particular student;
      3. reasonable accommodations, which can be made without undue hardship to reduce the health risk to the student and others;
      4. the provision of educational services in the least restrictive environment.

      The placement decision shall be communicated in writing to the student, the parent(s)/guardian(s), the building principals and the Superintendent.

      Appeal Process:

      A decision on a student’s placement or individualized educational program may be appealed in accordance with The School Code and the Rules and Regulations to Govern the Operation of special Education.

    4. Subsequent Evaluation

      The student shall be reevaluated on a regular basis by the multidisciplinary team to determine whether the student’s placement and program continue to be appropriate. The frequency of the reevaluations shall be determined by the team, but in no event shall the student be reevaluated less frequently than twice per school year. In the event a change in the student’s medical condition occurs, or a change in the school environment occurs, the multidisciplinary team shall determine if a change in placement is appropriate. If, however, an emergency occurs, the Superintendent shall have the right to take appropriate action. Any such action will be reviewed by the multidisciplinary team as soon as possible.

  3. Confidentiality

    The student’s medical condition shall be disclosed only to the extent necessary to minimize the health risks to the student and others. The number of personnel aware of the student’s condition will be kept at the minimum to assure proper care of the student and to detect situations in which potential for transmission of the disease may increase. Persons deemed to have “a direct need to know” will be provided with the appropriate information. The multidisciplinary team responsible for making initial evaluations and placement will be responsible for determining who has “a direct need to know.” The Superintendent or designee shall report, by mail or telephone, each suspected or diagnosed case of a Class I or Class II communicable disease to the local health authority.

  4. Additional Rules and Regulations

    The Superintendent may establish additional rules and regulations designed to implement this policy.

Adopted: November 10, 1997

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