"When teachers effectively differentiate instuction, there is a continuous flow in the processes of teaching, learning, and assessment. These components operate not as steps that we follow, but rather as a continuous cycle. each process informing the next."
(Diane Heacox, Making Differentiation a Habit, 2009)
Principles of Differentiated Instruction
(adapted from The Differentiated Classroom by Carol Ann Tomlinson)
Beginning with a quality curriculum, teachers plan for differentiated instruction by
attending to student differences
*Think learning profile, interests, and readiness
integrating assessment and instruction
*Think evidence of learning progress
modifying content, process, and products
*Think multiple pathways to attain and demonstrate mastery
providing respectful work for all students
*Think adequate challenge for each child
collaborating with students for learning
*Think independence and meaningful choice
balancing group and individual norms
*Think flexible, purposeful grouping
focusing on the essentials
*Think what students will Know, Understand, and Be Able to Do (KUD)
Goals of Differentiated Instruction
- understand, appreciate, and build upon student differences.
- strive to engage all learners by attempting to match their needs with the content you teach.
- utilize ongoing assessments to help you better match student needs with your instruction. Use them before, during, and following instruction.
- differentiate content, process, and product in response to student readiness, interests, and learning profile.
- incorporate critical and creative thinking opportunities into your instruction
- ensure that all students engage in respectful tasks
- provide a balance between teacher-assigned and student-selected tasks
- group students flexibly according to readiness, interest, learning style, or personal choice.
- offer supports, additional motivation, and time when needed
- build your instruction around what is essential for learners to be able to recall, understand, and be able to do in your given content area